ADDICTIONS TO DRUGS/ALCOHOL 

 

Alcohol or drugs are known for their relaxing effects, they can make things less heavy. But, when in overuse they can damage certain functions physically as well as mentally.

 

Below you can find some of the important symptoms occurring when addicted:

  • Mental phenomena of intoxication such as aggressiveness, black-outs, euphoria versus depressive feelings, irritability

  • Physic phenomena of intoxication such as confused speech, uncoordinated behavior, problems with your balance

  • Abstinence symptoms (unpleasant feeling as a reaction to quitting use) such as shaking hands, sweating, restlessness, fear, insomnia, nausea

 

One of the dangers with addiction is the tolerance that we develop for the used drug. Tolerance is said when the same amount of drug doesn’t bring the same effect with it, what makes people augment the dose to reach the same effect.

 

One of the reasons that this problematic behavior of addiction keeps existing within a person, is because of the craving (the strong (physical) drive to take the drug). Craving makes people to keep using drugs or makes them rebound after abstinence.

 

Addiction to alcohol

In small doses, alcohol can have an euphoric effect. In bigger doses, this same drug can work paralysing. The effect of alcohol is unique per person. In case of heavy use alcohol can lead to shutting out some of our main central functios, coma or even death. As stated, this soft drug can become very dangerous. The damage can even worsen when alcohol is combined with an unbalanced diet.

 

Addiction to cannabis

Marihuana is the most famous derivate of the cannabis-family. Cannabis is known for its hallucinating and sedating effects. In a small dose it can make you more relaxed and less inhibited. But the higher the dose, this drug can cause LSD-like effects such as dissociation, confusion, panic, agitation and even psychosis (paranoia). Also, cannabis is addictive and is also known to elicit signs of abstinence. Longterm use can cause cognitive and motorial disturbances.

 

Therapy

In our practice the work we do is based on the behavioural therapy with its extensive analysis of all influencing factors. Though important is the motivation of the participant. If someone is not ready (yet) to quit using the drug, the probability of a successful therapy is smaller. This motivation is being put to the test in the first sessions. Afterwards the focus is put on the causing factors, the situations in which the problem occurs and the concurrent thoughts and feelings. When all this is clear, we can move on to the future without the drug: what do we want to do when we are not using?
 

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